“El Turismo es como el fuego, puede calentar tu sopa o quemar tu casa”(Eastern Proverbio)
For sustainable tourism …..
After a while living abroad and in the northeastern Brazil, we had the opportunity to see firsthand the changes caused by mass tourism. In some places along the coast, especially the Northeast (dominated by Resorts and luxury condominiums), the impacts generated by this type of activity is visible.
The same situation is repeated in other parts of the site, especially in developing countries, where unsustainable patterns of production and consumption of modern society and tourism reflect the impacts generated by tourist megaprojects. These are, for the most part, located in coastal areas and small island states with their fragile and vulnerable ecosystems.
But the devastating effects of this type of mass tourism go further. Due to real estate speculation, the traditional populations not only suffer from the loss of land ownership, but also with the loss of cultural identity and decreased quality of life consequences of concentration of wealth in the hands of the operator of trade and services sites. Not to mention the local workforce, which in most cases is “imported” from other regions, because in these places the knowledge and training of the population are not sufficient to meet the demand that this type of tourism demands.
We can conclude that the basic objective of this activity, which is to generate local socio-economic development is not reached, causing the mass tourism become exclusive when applied to sites with potential for TBC- called community-based tourism. TBC, which is a form of sustainable tourism, then appears as an alternative to these problems, since in it, the main activities are managed by the local community. At the same time the visitor has the opportunity to meet beautiful regions of Brazil, contributes directly with the generation of income for these places.
-Some Advantages of Community-Based Tourism:
-Promotes the cultural exchange;
-Hosters and monitors most natives of the place you visit;
– Possibility to get close to culture aspects of caiçaras, maroon, fishermen, rustic and indigenous;
– Contact with nature in places that are not usually visited frequently by tourists;
– Possibility to participate in community daily activities;
– Possibility to get involved and contribute to local conservation efforts;
-The community is directly benefited by this form of tourism;