FOZ DE IGUAÇU
Foz do Iguaçu , a multicultural city and tri- national joining Brazil , Paraguay and Argentina, is internationally recognized mainly by the lush nature of their falls. Founded in 1914, is the 2nd city that receives more tourists in Brazil . With about 260,000 inhabitants, Foz stands out for its cultural diversity and it is home for about 80 foreign nationalities, especially Paraguay, Lebanon, China and Argentina.
The tour options are many at Iguaçu Falls as the Bird Park (o Parque das Aves), the Valley of the Dinosaurs (o Vale dos Dinossauros), the Usina de Itaipú, Marco 3 of Borders (o Marco das 3 Fronteiras), the Eco-museum , among others.
For those who choose to stay in the Argentine side , the city of Puerto Iguazu offers great lodging and entertainment options.
Iguazu National Park
The Iguazu Falls add up to a total of 275 waterfalls, surrounded by an extensive area of Atlantic Forest. She is considered one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature who are protected by the Iguazu National Park. Your falls can be enjoyed from many viewpoints and a walkway of 1.2 km. The Park was created in 1939 with the purpose of protecting a rich biodiversity, consisting of representative species of Brazilian fauna and flora, some of which are threatened with extinction, such as the jaguar, puma, alligator – of – crop-yellow , the parrot -breasted – purple, among other species of great value and scientific interest .
Legend of the Falls
There are many indigenous legends that talks about the formation of the larger set of waterfalls on the planet. One is the Indians of Caingangue ethnicity, who inhabited the banks of Iguazu River, believed the world was ruled by M’Boy, the serpent god, son of Tupa. The chief of the tribe, Ignobi, had a beautiful daughter named Naipi. Because of its beauty, Naipi would be consecrated to God M’Boy, going to live only for their worship. There was, however, among Caingangues a young warrior named Tarobá, who fell in love with Naipi.
On the day it was announced the consecration of the beautiful Indian party, when the chief and the shaman drank cauim (made from fermented corn drink) and the warriors danced, Tarobá fled with Naipi in a canoe, which followed downstream, swept downstream. M’Boy was furious when he found out about the flight and penetrated himself into the earth’s bowels. Twisting his body and producing a huge crack that formed a giant waterfall. Involved in the waters, the fugitives were swallowed by the immense waterfall. Naipi was transformed into rock just below the waterfall, battered by the raging waters. Tarobá was converted into a palm tree, situated on the edge. Under this palm there is a cave from where lives a vindictive monster guarding forever his victims.
Best season: All year. Summer is typically hot with plenty of sunshine and blue sky. In winter, there are cold mornings and nights, however in most of the seasons the afternoons are usually mild, as well as few days of rain. Between the late winter and early spring are warm and cloudy days. Spring is very green, with sunny days and pleasant temperatures, although there are rainy days but followed by quite blue days. And autumn is characterized by warm weather and lots of sunshine.
Tips: Visiting the falls on the Brazilian side and the Argentinian side provides a different perspective of the place.
-Most structured National Park in the country – Iguazu National Park, declared a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO, protecting more than 600,000 hectares of land and another 400 thousand in still primitive forests , home to the largest remaining Atlantic Forest south region of Brazil.